The origin of the Rottweiler can be traced back to Roman times back in Germany where they used these dogs as a herder or driving dogs. Rottweilers/Rotties are considered as one of the oldest dogs breeds ever existed.
The breed acquired its name from a German town called ‘das Rote Wil’ which translates ‘the red tile’ due to the presence of red coloured villas built by the Roman army during the period of conquering the unknown land. Initially, they were used to pull the butcher cart and then they became the right-hand of their human companions.
They were undefeatable participants in both the World Wars as a result their popularity increased worldwide and they started working with most of the police forces, security forces, military and rescue forces around the globe.
|Type of Dog||Domestic/Guard Dog|
|Colour of variants||Black, Tan, Mahogany|
|Height||Female- 56-63cm, Male- 61-69cm|
|Weight||Female- 35-48kg, Male- 50-60kg|
|Temperament||Obedient, Fearless, Alert, Steady, Devoted, Calm, Courageous|
|Price||₹20k – 50k|
Physical traits of Rottweiler
- The Rottweilers have massive heads, large frames and muscular bodies.
- A Rottweiler has a double coat that is medium in length, straight and shiny.
- The undercoat will be visible on the neck and thighs, and the thickness of the undercoat varies depending on the climate they live in.
- The outer coat is medium in length shorter on the leg, ears and head.
- They are black with rust markings on their chest, leg and face.
- Rottweilers are a comparatively low-maintenance breed.
- They don’t shed much; however, they need a good round of brushing once a week.
- Once or twice a month bathing is recommended.
- Teeth should be brushed at least once or twice a week to keep them strong and shiny.
- Trimming of nails and cleaning ears are suggested once in a while.
- Rottweilers are highly energetic dogs that need a lot of exercise and activities.
- They need a daily dose of exercise at least 20-30 minutes a day.
- You should let them go play with other pets and humans from the early days itself.
- Rottweilers must be properly trained; otherwise, they might be aggressive and violent. Start the training as early as possible. Do regular exercises and socializing activities.
What to Eat
A Rottweiler needs a diet containing between 22-26 per cent protein from whole proteins such as chicken, turkey, lamb, or fish. Try to avoid food that contains chemical preservatives and high sodium.
An active Rottweiler requires at least 2100 calories per day. Rotties tend to overeat and gain weight; obesity leads to serious health conditions. Better watch their intake. Do not feed them raw/uncooked meat. Always provide them with clean and fresh water; do not let them have tap/chlorinated water.
Recommended Food Products for Rottweilers
|Rottweiler Food Products||Age Group|
|Arden Grange junior puppy large breed chicken and rice dog food||puppies|
|Farmina N&D Grain Free Chicken & Pomegranate Adult Dog Food||adults|
|Pedigree Adult chicken and liver chunks flavour in gravy||Adults|
|Goodies Energy Dog Treats||For puppies above 2 months old|
|Taste of the Wild Wetlands Canine Wild Fowl Adult Dog Food||adults|
|Arden Grange puppy food||For weaning puppies|
|Royal Canin Maxi Puppy Dry Dog Food||For young dogs|
Though Rotties are generally considered a healthy breed, just like any other animal they can also be prone to certain health conditions. Most of the health conditions are genetic but it would be helpful if you can identify the symptoms and start the treatment as early as possible.
- Hip dysplasia is one of the common health issues that occur in large breed dogs such as Rottweiler, it occurs when there is a displacement between the hip joint and thigh bone. The symptoms include pain while walking, abnormal way of walking, extreme tenderness or fragility, or at the worst immobility.
- Even though Rotties are generally not prone to allergies or eczema, sometimes their coats can be sensitive to certain shampoos and external factors like dust, pollen, mud etc. Keep an eye on their undercoat as they often accumulate bacteria and fleas that cause redness and itching.
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is a hereditary condition in which the photoreceptors in the back of the eye begin to fail. It is one of the most common diseases seen in Rottweilers. This condition gradually leads to partial to complete blindness; unfortunately, there is no cure for this. But early diagnosis gives time to get prepared for the blindness.
- Large breed dogs such as Rottweilers are prone to gastric dilation and volvulus commonly referred to as bloat. This is a serious medical condition in which the dog’s stomach fills with food and gas and then turns, blocking the release of the building gases. This could lead the dog to go into shock and sudden death.
- According to a study done by the University of Minnesota, one of the most common causes of death for a Rottweiler is cancer, most commonly Lymphoma. Fortunately, it can be cured if early detection is made.
The primary source of antibodies and immunity boosters is mother’s milk. A puppy can survive if she is getting enough milk from her mother. But after a couple of weeks, you need to provide external antibodies and immunity boosters to protect them from diseases and vulnerabilities through vaccination.
There are mainly two types of vaccines, core vaccine and non-core vaccine. Core vaccines are compulsory vaccines and non-core vaccines are optional depending on the conditions and necessities.
The primary set of vaccines is usually combination shots such as DHPP or 7-in-1 shots. DHPP (distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza) should be given when the puppy is 6-8 weeks old. A shot of anti-rabies vaccine is also mandatory by law when the puppy is 3 months old. Annual booster shots are also recommended.
A non-core vaccination is also recommended when the puppy is 2 months old which prevents diseases such as canine distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus, leptospirosis, Lyme disease, Bordetella, coronavirus, and canine influenza. The second dose should be taken when the dog is 4 months of age and annual re-vaccination is also recommended.
How to raise a Rottweiler
- Rottweilers love to learn new tricks and commands. They are fully prepared to be trained as much as possible. Treat them with munchies, treats and praises when they obey you.
- They sometimes tend to be a possessive dog who sticks to only one human companion. So start socialising and human interactions as early as possible.
- They are extremely emotion-detecting dogs, they can sense your emotions and they act accordingly. Be careful when you get angry while they are around.
- Don’t be too hard on them; this will create fear and aggression towards you. Be gentle.
- They need a lot of love and cuddles; love is the primary necessity of a Rottweiler.
Living in an Apartment
A Rottweiler can stay in an apartment if you can provide them with appropriate conditions. Rotties are big dogs that require a big chunk of space. If you will not be able to provide them with an adequate portion of space it might create a problem. Do not forget to make your apartment puppy-proof before bringing the dog; they will chew everything no matter what.
They need sufficient time to play outdoors. You should be able to take him out for a walk and some activities at least 20-30 minutes a day. Try to introduce your neighbours to your pet, Rottweilers are primarily guarding dog and they make sure that their owner is protected from everyone and everything. They take their duty very seriously; sometimes they won’t even let anyone enter the apartment if they are not feeling comfortable with them.
Bark training is necessary for a Rottie if you are living in an apartment. Teach those basic commands and etiquette, otherwise, they will be a headache for your neighbours.
Living in a Home
- A Rottweiler can happily live in a household if they are loved and cared for well by everyone.
- They need a lot of space to run around and play, if you have a lovely backyard they would be more than happy.
- A Rottweiler can befriend the kids if they are introduced when they are puppies; a child should not be unsupervised around the dog.
- They can be super assertive and dominant around the new dogs especially of the same sex. Be careful when you take them out for a walk or if you are inviting other pets home.
- Proper training is the key to tame them. Start the training from day one.
Travel with Rottweiler
- Planning is everything, planning will make your trip with Rottweiler less troublesome.
- A Rottweiler is a large dog with a bit splash of aggression; do not forget to train them prior if you are planning to travel with them.
- Teach them basic commands like, sit, stand, come, and stay.
- Do not forget to pre-book a pet-friendly stay and inform them that you are bringing your Rottie with you.
- If your puppy is small it would be better to use a crate, if you are bringing a grown-up one use a harness and attach it to the seat buckle.
- Do not forget to collect all the necessary documents, vaccination certificates and licenses from the veterinarian.
- Better not to forget the dog shampoo, favourite toys, munchies, wet wipes, brushes, a first aid kit, and a comfortable bed.
- Hydrate them well, do not feed them a few hours before the travel.
- Do not let them be alone for a long time; they are very sensitive so that the loneliness might evoke aggression and panic.
Adopt your pet, do not buy
While you can purchase a Rottweiler from any pet shop, there are a lot of Rotties dreaming of a second chance to live and love in adoption/rescue centres. Most of the rescued dogs are pre-trained and they can blend in with your family easily.
Adoption centre staffs are well trained and knowledgeable in understanding your needs and limitations. They can suggest to you what breed of dog will be suitable for your family. Adoption in India is an easy process than you think it would be.
Things to remember
- You need to be sure about your needs, financial capacity, and amenities before bringing a dog home.
- Rottweilers are not for everyone, especially if you are a first-time pet parent.
- You need to have a lot of time and patience to train the dog; they demand a lot of affection and love.
- Research before selecting the breed; be sure about the Dos and Don’ts. Talk to pet owners.
- Do not support unauthorised pet shops and brokers.
- Bringing a companion home is a long-term commitment, be prepared for the adventure.
- You can also register your puppy in the Kennel Club of India (KCI). This will ensure the certification and breeding quality of the dog which will help in breeding and selling the puppies in the future.
Kennel Club of India (Registration Link) – https://www.inkc.in/single-dog-registration/
The process of adoption in India
- Search for the nearby shelter/rescue homes
- Visit them several times and talk to them about your needs and concerns
- Ask the authorities about the history and medical records of the dog
- Follow the official adoption process
- Take your companion home