The Doberman or Doberman pinscher is a medium-large breed of domestic dog developed by a German named Louis Dobermann in the late 1800s. To this day, Dobermans make excellent guard dogs and rarely need any additional training.
Though no one is certain about the exact breeds that were used to create Doberman, it is thought to have crossed many breeds to get the Doberman that we see today. A few of the breeds that are thought to be involved are Rottweiler, Great Dane, German pinscher, German shepherd and English greyhound.
They are the stars of the Police force, military force, and rescue force around the globe. ‘Tunga’ is one of the most famous Doberman pinschers in India; she was a female Doberman of the Karnataka police force who uncovered more than 50 murders and 60 thefts including one case in which she ran 12kms to catch a murderer.
|Type of Dog||Domestic Dog/ Guard dog|
|Colour variant||Black, White, Fawn, Red&Rust, Red, Fawn&Rust, Black&Rust|
|Height||Male 66-72cm, Female 61-68cm|
|Weight||Male 40-45kg, Female 32-35kg|
|Temperament||Energetic, Intelligent, Fearless, Loyal, Alert, Confident, Obedient|
|Price||Rs. 36,000 – 60,000/-|
Physical Traits of Doberman
- A Doberman pinscher is a square, medium-sized dog with athletic, strong, powerful, muscular body and a long head.
- They have a sleek, soft, dark coat which is usually black, dark red, or fawn with rust-coloured marking on the body, tail, and head.
- Their eyes are dark and intense
- The Dobermans usually have their ears cropped and their tail docked short.
- A Doberman requires a daily dose of exercise and minimum grooming.
- They need to be bathed frequently as they tend to be outdoors most of the time and might get dirty. Once a week bathing is suggested.
- Trimming their nails once or twice a month is recommended.
- All dogs need to have their ears checked and cleaned frequently as they are prone to ear infections.
- The Dobermans are a highly energetic breed that needs daily exercise and activities no matter what. They tend to be aggressive if they lack daily physical activities.
- They respond very well to positive reinforcement. Early socialization training is recommended.
- They shed moderately, brush their coat once in a while.
- Their teeth need to be brushed daily to keep them strong and problem-free.
What to Eat
Ideally, you should provide them with 2.5 to 3.5 cups of high-quality dry dog food a day. You can divide this into two times a day. The amount of intake should be depending on your dog’s size, age, activity level, build, and metabolism.
You can consult a veterinarian for food and quantity recommendations. Do not over-feed them. Try to keep your Dobie in shape by providing them with adequate physical activities and quality food.
A Good amount of fresh and clean water should be available all the time. Try to understand which home-cooked food is safe for your dog. Do not let them eat raw/uncooked meat.
Recommended Food for Doberman
|Doberman Food Products||Age Group|
|Arden Puppy Large Breed Dog Food||Puppies|
|Arden Grange Adult Dog Sensitive Food||For sensitive dogs|
|Orijen Large Breed Dog Food||Puppies|
|Pedigree Senior Adult Dry Dog Food||Adults|
|Fidele Adult Light and Senior Dog Food||Older Dogs|
|Kennel Kitchen Chicken Chunks in Gravy for Dogs||Suitable for both puppies and adults|
A Doberman pinscher is generally considered a healthy breed; however, every dog can undergo certain health conditions at some point in time. It would be helpful if you have a little understanding of the potential diseases. Most of the diseases are genetic; it need not be necessarily mean that your dog must be affected by these conditions.
- Hip Dysplasia is a genetic condition in which the thighbone doesn’t fit comfortably into the hip joint. Dogs with hip dysplasia are generally not considered for breeding.
- Von Willebrand’s Disease is also a genetic condition that affects the blood’s ability to clot. The symptoms include nose bleeding, bleeding gums, or bleeding in the stomach or intestines.
- Albinoism is a major genetic condition that affects the Doberman, it is a condition that makes them sensitive to sunlight and can suffer from various health conditions including cancer and eye problems. The dogs with albinoism appear to be white with pink noses and light eyes.
- Gastric Dilatation-Volvulus or Bloat is a serious condition that can affect deep-chested dogs like Doberman. This condition occurs when the stomach is bloated with gas or air and then twists and this affects the normal blood flow of the body. This leads to the blood pressure go low and the dog goes into shock.
- Narcolepsy is another rare condition caused by the brain’s inability to control wake-sleep patterns. This condition leads the dog to feel abruptly sleepy and they fall asleep just like that.
Usually, a puppy is given the first dose of DHPP (distemper, hepatitis, parvovirus, parainfluenza) when the puppy is 6-8 weeks old. This applies only if the puppy is lactating by the mother, if the puppy is separated from the mother, the vaccination should start as early as possible.
The booster shot must be given after 3 weeks of the first dose. The first dose of the anti-rabies vaccine should be given when the puppy is three months old and the booster shots must be given annually.
The 7-in-1 vaccine is another vaccine that should be taken when the puppy is 2 months of age. The booster dose should be given after two months of the first dose that is when the puppy is 4 months of age. It prevents canine distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza, parvovirus, leptospirosis, Lyme disease and canine influenza.
How to raise a Doberman
- There is a common saying that “A Doberman pincher owns you” which means they need a lot of attention and quite a serious companionship from their master.
- They need a home with a fenced yard and secured boundaries because they love to run around and play.
- They might not be very amiable with kids of small age, because of their large size the kids can be easily knocked over by the dog. Also, they can be distressed by kid’s loud noises.
- They are agile, intelligent dogs that need an early socialization exercise. Start the socialization training when the dog is young.
- People sometimes tend to be scared of a Doberman in the public because of their powerful, prickly appearance, this might disturb the dog. Always keep the dog leashed when in public.
Living in a Home
- They are extremely responsive watchdogs, which mean if you have a Doberman in your home, you are safe.
- They would love to have a home with a large backyard and secured fence.
- A Doberman should be trained from the early days itself; they love to learn tricks and commands. Give them enough activities to nurture themselves.
- You need to take them for a walk for at least an hour daily. Otherwise, they can be aggressive and disruptive.
- They might not be a good fit if you have a kid at home, kids and Doberman might not go well. Interestingly, if they are trained from the initial days they could be a guard for your kid too.
Living in an Apartment
- They can adjust well in an apartment if they are getting adequate activities and a daily dose of a walk.
- A Doberman loves human companionship. As long as you are spending time with them they don’t mind the size of the apartment.
- They are extremely intelligent so that you can train them easily. They can adapt to the conditions of the apartment easily.
- Bark training is necessary because Dobies have a loud voice this might disturb the neighbours if your puppy is not trained well.
- They do not shed a lot. So it is easier to take care of them.
- They would love to be part of a group of animals; apparently, if your dog is trained well they can be friends with other pets in the apartment.
Travel with Doberman
- American Airlines once restricted Doberman from flying in their airlines and they eventually lifted the ban but the damage it created made people think that Doberman is not a travel-friendly dog. This is incorrect and they are adaptable to travel if they are trained.
- They don’t love it, but they tolerate travel. Make them sit comfortably in the back seat; attach the harness to the seat belt buckle.
- Do not forget to book a pet-friendly stay. Inform them that you are bringing your pet along with you.
- Do not let them be alone for a long time, always try to give them attention especially if the place is not familiar to them.
- Use a crate if your puppy is small.
- Do not forget to microchip or tag them.
- Do not let your dog stick its head out of a window in the moving car. This could affect their ear balance.
- Consult a veterinarian before the travel; collect all the necessary documents and vaccination certificates.
- Hydrate them well, provide them with adequate toilet- breaks.
Adopt your Pet, Do not shop
A Doberman considers you as the lord of their life and they will do whatever they can to save you. If you are thinking of getting one for your home, it would be great if you consider adoption than buying. Adoption gives a second chance for stranded or abandoned pets to restart their life. Isn’t great to be the saviour of a beautiful animal?
Adoption from an authorised centre is an easy process in India. You don’t need to be worried about the authenticity or the quality of the breed because everything will be documented and tested before the adoption.
Things to Remember
- Taking care of a dog is a long-term commitment, be prepared for that.
- Be sure about the needs and amenities to nurture a puppy. Select the breed accordingly. For example, if you are looking for a guard dog, not a pet dog, then go for Doberman instead of Pug.
- Do not support unauthorised shops and brokers.
- Do not encourage illegal breeding.
- You can also register your puppy in the Kennel Club of India (KCI). This will ensure the certification and breeding quality of the dog which will help in breeding and selling the puppies in the future.
Kennel Club of India (Registration Link) – https://www.inkc.in/single-dog-registration/
The process of adoption in India
- Search for the nearby shelter/rescue homes
- Visit them several times and talk to them about your needs and concerns
- Ask the authorities about the history and medical records of the dog
- Follow the official adoption process
- Take your companion home